Organ donation and transplantation is a process of removing an organ from one person (the donor) and surgically placing it in another (the recipient) whose organ has failed. Organs that can be donated include the liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart.
Organ donation is the method of surgically removing an organ from one person (the organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). Transplantation is important because the recipient’s organ has failed or has been damaged by disease or injury. Organ transplantation is one of the great advances in modern medicine. Unfortunately, the need for organ donors is much greater than the number of people who donate.
Organs and tissues that can be transplanted include-
- Middle ear.
- Bone marrow.
- Heart valves.
- Connective tissue.
- Vascularized composite allografts (transplant of several structures that may include skin, uterus, bone, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, and connective tissue).
People of all ages should consider themselves possible donors. When a person dies, they are evaluated for donor appropriateness based on their medical history and age. The organ donation organization determines medical suitability for donation.Worldwide, organ transplantation has saved and intensified the lives of thousands of recipients over the past five decades. Organ transplantation rates are still lower in developing countries. The cause of this low rate is attributable to many factors including unawareness about the procedure and concerned laws, low education levels, inadequately qualified workforce, low socioeconomic status, and costly immunosuppressive drugs. Now, the government needs to push for affordable transplantation by strengthening the public sector hospitals and by making transplant medications more affordable. Moreover, the transplant community should strive to increase organ donation programme awareness, improve the infrastructure for organ retrieval, storage, and allocation in an equitable way.The lack of enough transplant centers with staff as well as transplant administrators who are adequately trained and well versed with the procedures required to conduct an organ donation programme is acting as a significant roadblock to the deceased organ donation programme.
Even the medical community has very limited knowledge regarding organ donation policies and the concerned national and international laws. This can be avoided by having dedicated chapters on organ donation and relevant policies in the undergraduate study curriculum. Sensitization at an earlier age will increase the understanding of the subject among medical and paramedical students. The chapters should also clearly define the roles and responsibilities of medical and paramedical staff. The entire concept of deceased organ donation is built upon trust in the system of organ donation and allocation. Any negative concept, which breaks this trust, acts as an obstacle to the whole process of organ donation. Organ transplantation in Asia has progressed quickly over time. Many countries have moved beyond kidney transplantation and embarked on Heart, Liver, and other organ transplantations. There have also been greater investments in base and personnel without which no progress could be made. The major hurdle continues to be the lack of organs particularly from cadaveric donors. The basic requirements start from a law in the country, public awareness, infrastructure, trained personnel, and the required funds to implement the deceased donor program. With the easy availability of living donors, particularly for kidney transplantation, some of the Asian countries have become over the prey to unethical practices. For more information visit our official website-cast2021.